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Sprains – Type, Causes And Treatments


What Is A Sprain?

A sprain is an injury to a ligament. The ligament connects two or more bones and plays a role in proprioceptive function. A sprain occurs when a joint is forced out of its normal range of motion. A common cause of sprains is excessive ankle inversion. A severe sprain can look like a fracture. A professional can determine if a sprain is a fracture or not.

What Are The Different Types of Sprains?

There are many types of sprains. A sprained ankle is the most common type of sprain. These injuries can cause a range of problems, from a mild discomfort to a more serious condition. Here are some of the most common sprains and their symptoms.

  • Sprained Ankle
  • Sprained Knee
  • Sprained Wrist
  • Sprained Shoulder

Fortunately, sprains are not usually painful and can be treated at home without the assistance of a doctor. The most important thing to avoid strenuous activities.

What Are The Causes of Sprains?

It can be caused by a simple twisting motion or by turning the movement inwards. The eversion sprain involves a turn-out of the articulation and causes pain.

Oftentimes, sprains occur during sports or while walking on uneven roads, trails, and stairs.


What Is The Treatment For Sprains?

Initial treatment for a sprain typically involves resting and icing the injured area. In some cases, medicines are prescribed. Later, exercise and physiotherapy may be recommended.

Although the information in this article is intended to be helpful, it should not be used as a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or healthcare provider such as a physiotherapist or chiropractor if you have concerns about your sprain injury.

What Are The Symptoms?

The symptoms of a sprain can be subtle and difficult to notice. Below are some signs and symptoms you can expect.

  • Pain.
  • Swelling or inflammation or the area.
  • Bruising around the area.
  • Instability, especially noted on weight bearing joints like the knee or ankle.
  • Loss of the ability to move and use the joint or the articulation.

You can reduce your risk of sprains by strengthening and stretching the muscles around the injured area. In addition, strengthening and using supportive footwear will prevent further injuries. You should consult a physiotherapist regarding appropriate conditioning exercises.

At Pillars of Wellness, our physiotherapists can treat a wide range of injuries and conditions. They use evidence-based techniques including some modalities to reduce inflammation.

For example, it’s not uncommon to use ice/heat pads, ultrasound, TENS as additional treatment to relieve pain and swelling. Furthermore, it is important that you follow the physiotherapist’ recommendation for quicker and better recovery.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact Pillars of Wellness, physiotherapy clinic in Burlington.

Laurent Pinci
Laurent Pinci
Pillars of Wellness is a truly Integrated Healthcare Centre providing a high degree of collaboration and communication among health providers.